24 June 2019 - 28 June 2019

Integrated Policy Frameworks - Transition to formal economy

24 June 2019 - 28 June 2019

Integrated Policy Frameworks - Transition to formal economy

Integrated Policy Frameworks  - Transition to formal economy

Course Information

24 June 2019 - 28 June 2019

English - French

Turin Centre

Code: A9012094

Enrolment deadline: 17 May 2019

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R204 calls for an integrated policy framework for making the transition to a formal economy. In many countries, ILO constituents and their partners have designed policies that seek to address the challenges of informality, taking into account the diversity of characteristics, circumstances and needs of workers and economic units in the informal economy, and the specific national circumstances, legislation, policies, practices, and priorities of the countries concerned. The course focuses on helping countries to acquire the tools and practical knowledge for implementing, monitoring and assessing formalization policies with a view to achieving the following objectives: 1. Preventing informalization of the formal economy; 2. Creating decent jobs in the formal economy; 3. Promoting the transition from informal to formal jobs.

Target audience

Target audience

The course targets officials from government institutions such as ministries of labour, finance and social affairs; representatives of workers' and employers' organizations; representative organizations of informal workers; enterprises (cooperatives, NGOs); and development agencies engaged in implementing social and economic policies to promote decent work (employment, formalization).

Rationale and objectives

Rationale and objectives

R204 and the call for an integrated policy framework for the transition to formal economy

Following the guidelines of Recommendation 204 concerning the transition from informal to the formal economy, ILO’s member states should design coherent and integrated strategies to facilitate the transition to the formal economy. They should do so taking into account, among others, the diversity of characteristics, circumstances, and needs of workers and economic units in the informal economy, along with the specific national circumstances, legislation, policies, practices, and priorities for the transition to the formal economy.

For the transition to formal employment and decent work to happen, stakeholders at national level should ensure coherence and coordination across a broad range of policy areas, as well as cooperation between the relevant bodies and authorities, such as tax authorities, social security institutions, labour inspectorates, customs authorities, migration bodies, and employment services, among others, depending on national circumstances.

Countries pursuing formalization policies should guarantee that formalization targets and indicators are included in national development strategies or plans as well as in poverty reduction strategies and budgets, taking into account, where appropriate, the role of different levels of governments.

Organized each year since 2016, the course has reached now over 70 participants from 30 countries and international organizations. The first editions focused on how to design integrated formalization policies resulting in many participating countries having designed their sectoral, national policies (South Africa, Macedonia, Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso or Cameroon) while others are in the process.

This year edition will focus on implementation challenges once the policies have been formulated, and discuss elements related to the importance of coordination mechanism,  good monitoring and evaluation system to track changes and the need for impact assessment.

 It follows an intervention cycle starting from the diagnostic of causes and patterns of informality at the national level, to designing and implementing; monitoring and evaluating an integrated strategic framework for a transition to the formal economy.

By following this course, you will

Content driven – 

  1. Get acquainted with the R204 concerning the transition from the informal to the formal economy - as an umbrella tool, a guide for actions for a transition to formal employment and decent work
  2. Master the key policy areas ranging from macroeconomic frameworks, rights and social protection, sustainable enterprise development and social dialogue that are relevant to the formalization agenda

 Design cycle

  1. Be acquainted with the main stages of the intervention model to support the gradual transition from the informal to the formal economy, including the reduction of decent work deficits as enabling conditions for the transition at national and local  levels, 
  2. Enhance your capacity to design national, local integrated strategies for the transition to formal economy and decent work –
  3. Enhance your capacity to implement  integrated strategies for the transition to formal economy which include appropriate organizational arrangements to coordinate actions on formalization
  4. Master the monitoring and evaluation tools applied in formalization policies across the world and discuss their effectiveness in your country context.

At the end of the course, participants will have:

  • Identified opportunities for fostering the transition towards formal employment through the prioritization of resources and other assets and involvement of key actors.
  • Reviewed and discussed the possible options in term of organizational arrangements to coordinate actions on formalization and the enabling conditions for an effective coordination
  • Applied strategic thinking [1]and tools for the formulation and implementation of integrated strategies for the transition to the formal economy including the creation of formal employment, skills development, the extension of laws, regulations and effective protection to workers, the formalization and development of businesses, and inclusiveness through social dialogue and consultative mechanisms at local level.
  • Reviewed the concepts of monitoring and evaluation for an integrated and sustainable transition to formal economy

[1] Strategic thinking is a process that defines the manner in which people think about, assess, view, and create the future for themselves and others. Strategic thinking is an extremely effective and valuable tool. One can apply strategic thinking to arrive at decisions that can be related to your work or personal life - https://www.cssp.com/CD0808b/CriticalStrategicThinkingSkills/


Technical content

Technical content

The course proposes a logical framework for intervention and emphasizes some key policy areas ranging from macroeconomic frameworks, rights and social protection, sustainable enterprise development and social dialogue.   It focuses in particular, on the following policy design and implementation:

1.  Diagnostic phase: Analyzing the nature, the magnitude and the characteristics of the informal economy in its diversity, which is complemented by a broader assessment of the labour market & macroeconomic situation at the national or local levels. This quantitative component of the diagnostic (which includes data collection and analysis on informality through different methodologies) is complemented by a more qualitative component (describe below), both contributing to the identification of the main incentives and drivers of informality; 

Review of regulatory and policy frameworks and practices. The second step as part of the diagnostic of informality is to proceed to a comprehensive review of existing legal and policy frameworks and practices at national or local levels to identify informality drivers; 

2. Priority setting: how to identify national priorities to address informality and to provide a set of policy recommendations & a sequencing to formulate a road map or policy framework. Both the validation of the diagnostic of informality and the identification of priorities should be done with the participation of all stakeholders.

3. Designing an integrated policy framework including policy coherence and institutional setup;

4. Implementing an integrated policy framework including a monitoring and evaluation system as well as impact assessment. While providing a solid analysis of the situation and its context, the diagnostic phase forms part of the development of the monitoring system in several ways. Obviously, the diagnostic collects partly or fully the baseline information for subsequent monitoring and evaluation. Sources of information and data collection tools are identified. Issues to be considered for the monitoring system include the set of indicators to be selected, responsible institutions, the periodicity and sustainability of the data collection system and any gaps to be addressed. In addition, as for the overall process, many of the stakeholders involved in the diagnostic will be as well in the monitoring process starting from shaping and agreeing about what it should be.

The course provides participants with up to date and practical tools and approaches to promote the transition to decent employment and sustainable enterprises, through effective design, implementation and monitoring of formalization policies with a view to improving productivity, income, and protection for this important segment of society. 

it is built around a four-part cycle which asks four questions that guide the process:

Part 1. Where are we now? What are the informality patterns with regards to employment and enterprise informality within a defined local economy and/or community, and or national context or within a target group?

Part 2. Where do we want to go? What are the objectives of transitioning to formal employment and enterprises within that defined territory and/or community, including what are the formalization indicators and targets that will be used to demonstrate that those objectives have been reached?

Part 3: How are we going to get there? What are the measures, tools and approaches that should be combined to achieve improved working conditions and higher productivity in the selected local economy?

Part 4: How do we know when we have arrived? How do we monitor and evaluate this process to appreciate changes and the impact of interventions

Exchange by the participants:

1. Sharing of practical experiences: Some specific niches will be reserved for the presentation of innovative practices by the participants themselves. All participants will be invited to share an innovative practice or original solution to a particular problem.

2. Policy design exercice

Participants will take part in group work to design integrated policy frameworks for the transition to formal economy based on case studies. This exercise will help you understand the different elements of an integrated policy and stimulate them by applying the contents of the course sessions and modules.


A knowledge acquisition test might be administered to assess the new knowledge participants acquired during the policy course.

Training materials

Participants will have access to all course materials (speaker presentations, case studies, and further reading, etc.) in electronic format and on our virtual campus.


Training methodology

Training methodology

The course is designed to ensure a "learning by-doing" process that encourages the sharing of knowledge, experiences and promising practices among participants. It will follow therefore a practical approach with many group works based on case studies, sharing of practical examples from countries, which have designed, and successfully implemented formalization policies at national and or local levels.

Participants are encouraged to bring their national economic and social policies, surveys, diagnostics of informality as well as policies designed  for  the transition to formal employment and enterprises…

How to apply

How to apply

The following process will allow you to effectively plan your course registration and preparation to come to Turin. It will also allow you to efficiently manage your application.


Candidates wishing to participate in the course are invited to send us:

1. An online registration form duly completed using the application link; 

2. An official letter of financial support issued by your organization (or donor) specifying that it will cover the following:

  • The total cost of participation to the course OR  the balance of the participation fee (if you receive a grant from the Center) OR the amount that your organization or donor can consider
  • Travel expenses between the country of origin and the Training Center.

Only candidates who will produce both documents (online form and cover letter) will be considered. Please attach the cover letter to the registration form or send it to


A limited number of partial scholarships is available. The selection of candidates to benefit from these scholarships will be made according to the following criteria:

1. Proven professional experience in the technical fields relevant to the training; and justification on how the activity will strengthen your professional skills and how you will use them in your organization.

2. Participation cost - capacity to cover ( partially or fully) the costs and the air ticket


Please note that the Turin Training Center can only confirm your candidature to the training you are interested in after receipt of the three documents mentioned above: registration form, letter of sponsorship and confirmation of ticket financing.

When the application is accepted, it is the responsibility of the participants to obtain a Schengen visa. Visa applications must be submitted at least four weeks before the beginning of the activity, accompanied by a letter of support from the Turin Center. Like travel expenses, the costs related to obtaining the visa are the responsibility of the participant.

Attention: Please do not proceed to the purchase of your plane ticket before receiving the official selection notice from the Turin Center.

Tuition cost: 1615

Subsistence cost: 635

Total cost: 2250


International Training Centre of the ILO

Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Turin - Italy

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