Areas of Expertise

Social dialogue and tripartism

Social dialogue and tripartism
© UN Photo/O. Chassot

Social dialogue is defined by the ILO as including all types of negotiation, consultation or simply exchange of information between, or among, representatives of governments, employers and workers, on issues of common interest relating to economic and social policy. It can exist as a tripartite process, with the government as an official party to the discussions, or it may consist of bipartite relations between labour and management (or trade unions and employers’ organizations), with or without indirect government involvement.

There can be no effective social dialogue without strong, independent and capable social partners. The Centre’s training activities equip labour administrations, workers’ organizations and employers’ organizations with the knowledge and skills required to participate fully in social dialogue.


International Training Centre of the ILO

Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Turin - Italy

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